Abstract: As the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Leader of the Nation Nursultan Nazarbayev said: “The Turkic world is that golden bridge that connects our modern time with the ancient Turkic culture. The Turkic peoples in the Eurasian space have made a great contribution to the development of world civilization. The role of the Turkic peoples, who gave birth to Mahmud Kashkari, Yusuf Balasagun, al-Farabi, Ibn Sina, al-Khorezmi, Akhmet Yassaui, Ulugbek, Alisher Navoi and other world famous personalities, also requires a detailed study. We have common roots, a common language, and this should be aimed at improving relations between our countries. We must use this legacy for creative purposes. Thus, we can call on all humanity to follow the path of peace, harmony and mutual respect ”, our goal is to revive the work on the study of the Turkic world.
In the history of mankind, as a traditional worldview, consisting of a complex set of religious-philosophical and historical-practical knowledge of all peoples, is based on the concept of "divine holiness", and the basic postulates of the traditional Turkic worldview are based on the knowledge of divine religion. According to this system of thinking, God is the "master" and "patron" of man and the environment. It is known that the ancient Turks formed the knowledge of divinity through the worship of Heaven, Earth, Water and, most importantly, God.
In the worldview of the ancient Turks, the world is filled with concepts based on well-defined concepts and based on a two-way approach in the context of the classical category. The following binary parallels were identified in ancient Türkic cultural artifacts: in particular, up-down, east-west, north-south, forward-backward, far-close, light-dark, day and night, ancestor and generation, friend or foe, big - small, life and death, many and few, rich and poor, man and woman, God (Heaven) and Mother Umai (Earth-Water), man and society. Contradictory positions, such as up and down, east and west, north and south, near and far, one's own and another's, big and small, people and society, were characteristic of many peoples of the East and West. In terms of content, the principles of this category unite one model or one image of the ancient Turkic world around the world through conceptual systems of worldview, space, time, volume, spiritual ethics, society and ethnoculture.
To get a deeper and more comprehensive understanding of today's culture and worldview of modern Turkic peoples, it is necessary to look for its origins in the traces of archetypal consciousness, from ancient Turkic mythology to the traditional culture of the early Turks and ancient Kazakhs. Today, domestic researchers prove and generalize that the spiritual roots and origins of the worldview and traditional culture of the Kazakh people lie in the ancient Saka, Hunnic and medieval Turkic culture. Especially in the Middle Ages, the period when all the Turkic peoples were united into one superethnos takes a special place. The first president of the country Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev at the turn of the century, on the eve of the 1450th anniversary of the Turkic Khanate, wrote in his book On the Wave of History: “We all have a rich heritage to be proud of. Because our ancestors left an indelible mark on the history of mankind ”[p. 1.94].
Aimof the project: The purpose of the project is to determine the system of concepts in the worldview of the ancient Turkic people, to bring these concepts in line with the concept of Abai “the science of a perfect man” and to substantiate the Kazakh worldview within the framework of the presidential program “Modernization of public consciousness”. Achieve the results of the study, which explains the mechanisms for implementing the concept of "forming a new high-quality person" in the Address of President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev to the people of Kazakhstan.
- to determine theoretical concepts and views on the history of the origin of the Turkic languages, the worldview of the Turkish people at the stage of development in accordance with the anthropocentric direction;
- to analyze research works in the field of linguocultural, linguocognitive directions according to the model of the World in the ancient Turkic heritage;
- to analyze research work in the field of linguocultural, linguo-cognitive directions according to the Human model in the ancient Turkic language, analysis of the approach to the problem of concepts in the Turkic and Kazakh languages;
- to compare the models of Man and the World in the heritage of Gilgamesh, Orkhon-Yenisei, Korkyt, Kashgari with research in the history of world and domestic science;
- to collect materials from the Sumerian and ancient Türkic artifacts that form the conceptual field, the classification of the structural features of the worldview of the ancient Türks about time and space;
- to systematize the ideas about the model of Man and the World in the ancient Turkic worldview in comparison with the common Turkic heritage;
- to determine the verbal manifestations of the conceptual field in relation to the model of Man and the World in the ancient Turkic worldview;
- to understand the prehistory of knowledge of the ancient Turkic worldview, the level of thinking, analysis of philosophical views in comparison with the "science of a perfect man" Abai;
- to analyze the ideological values of ancient Turkic cultural artifacts in comparison with the ideological values of the Kazakh people;
- to substantiate the cultural and anthropological ideological values in the ancient Turkic cultural artifacts;
- consider the conceptual system in the Kazakh worldview based on ethnolinguistic materials;
- to analyze the national character of the concept "Turkic man" from the point of view of common ideas in the heritage of Gilgamesh, Orkhon-Yenisei, Korkyt, Kashgari, J. Balasagun, al-Farabi and Abay;
- to create models of the "Perfect Man" Abai;
- to prepare programs for the special course "The Image of a Perfect Man in the Teachings of Thinkers".
- to collect materials for the monograph "The Image of a Perfect Man in the Ancient Turkic-Kazakh Worldview".